Strategies and Programms

 

The Strategy for development of the Republic of Kazakhstan


The Strategy for development


The Strategy for development of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the year 2030

In October 1997 the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan in his Address to the people of the country «Prosperity, security and ever growing welfare of all the Kazakhstanis» presented the Strategy for development of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the year 2030. The "Kazakhstan-2030" Strategy outlined a long-term way of development of the sovereign republic, directed at transforming the country into one of the safest, most stable, ecologically sustained states of the world with a dynamically developing economy.

The "Kazakhstan-2030" Strategy for development  provides implementation of seven long-term priorities:

  • National security.
  • Domestic political stability and consolidation of the society.
  • Economic growth based on an open market economy with high level of foreign investments and internal savings.
  • Health, education and well-being of kazakhstani citizens.
  • Power resources.
  • Infrastructure, more particularly transport and communication.
  • Professional state.    

These priorities served as a basis for building country’s development plans for medium-term and long-term periods. The Strategic plan for development of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the year 2010, approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan in December, 2001 became the first long-term stage of implementation of the "Kazakhstan-2030" Strategy. The next stage of implementation of the "Kazakhstan-2030" Strategy is the Strategic plan for development of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the year 2020.

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The strategic plan for development of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the year 2020

The strategic plan for development of the Republic of Kazakhstan until the year 2020, has been approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 922 dated February 1, 2010.

The period of developing the Strategic plan 2020 concurred with the beginning of the most serious global financial and economic crisis in the history of the mankind for the last seventy years. As a result the emphasis of the Strategic plan 2020 was made on implementation of measures, directed at increase of the national economy’s stability in relation to negative consequences of world or regional crises.

During the next decade five key directions will be the priority in the state’s activity:

  • preparation for postcrisis development;
  • provision of the economy’s sustained growth by way of accelerated diversification through industrialisation and infrastructure development;
  • Investments into the future - increase of human capital’s competitiveness for the achievement of sustained economic growth, prosperity and social well-being of kazakhstani’s;
  • provision of the population with qualitative social and housing and communal services;
  • strengthening of the international consent, safety, stability of the international relations.
  • strengthening interethnic consent, security, stability of international relations.

As a result of implementation of the Strategic plan 2020 Kazakhstan should achieve the following key indicators:

  • In 2020 Kazakhstan will become a country that came out of the world crisis stronger and more competitive, with diversified economy and population actively involved in new economy.
  • By 2020 Kazakhstan will already be among fifty most competitive countries of the world with a favorable business climate that allows attraction of considerable foreign investments in the country economy’s non-primary sectors.
  • By 2020 the country will possess human resources necessary for development of diversified economy, and also possess infrastructure necessary for serving domestic businessmen and exporters.
  • By 2020 the Kazakhstani economy will increase in real terms by more than one third in relation to 2009 level.
  • By 2020 the share of population with incomes below living wage will decrease to 8 %.

The main achievement of implementation of the Strategic plan 2020 should be a substantial increase of well-being of the country’s citizens as a result of consecutive diversification and qualitative improvement of Kazakhstan’s economic growth structure.

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The State programms
 



The State program of forced industrial and innovative development

The State program of forced industrial and innovative development has been approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan No.958 dated March 19, 2010.

The goal of the program is to guarantee the stable and well-balanced economic growth by means of diversification and improvement of its competitiveness.

Key tasks of the program are:

  • development of priority sectors of economy, effecting its diversification and improvement of competitive ability;
  • creation of positive environment for industrial development;
  • formation of economic growth centers on the basis of rational territorial organization of economic potential;
  • guarantee of effective interaction between the Government and business actors in development of priority sectors of economy.

As a result of implementation of the State program of forced industrial and innovative development Kazakhstan by 2014 should achieve the following key indicators:

  • growth of GDP by no less than 7 trillions of KZT, in real terms the growth of GDP will be 15 %;
  • increase of manufacturing industry share in the structure of GDP to the level of no less than 12,5 %;
  • increase of non-primary export share in the total export volume to the level of no less than 40 %;
  • increase of non-primary export volume to the level of no less than 43 % of the manufacturing industry’s combined production volume;
  • growth of labour productivity in manufacturing industry by no less than 1,5 times.

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The State program of education development in the Republic of Kazakhstan

The State program of education development in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011- 2020 has been adopted by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan No.1118 dated December 7, 2010.

The goal of the program is to increase competitiveness of education and development of human capital through ensuring access to quality education for sustainable economic growth.

As a result of implementation of the State program of education development Kazakhstan should achieve the following key indicators:

  • per capita financing mechanism to be implemented in all educational organizations, except for ungraded schools;
  • the share of a highly qualified teaching staff holding the first and the second category - 52%  (out of the total number of teachers);
  • the share of secondary education institutions using  e-learning- system – 90%;
  • 100% of children aged 3-6  to be provided with pre-school education and upbringing;
  • transition to 12-year education model to be completed;
  • the share of university graduates who completed education under the government grant scheme and employed within their specialization in the first year after graduation – 80%;
  • the number of Kazakhstani universities listed in the ratings of the world’s best universities – 2;
  • the share of universities that passed independent national institutional accreditation according to international standards  – 65%;
  • the share of universities that passed independent national specialized accreditation according to international standards – 30%.

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The State program of health-care development in the Republic of Kazakhstan"Salamatty Kazakhstan"

The State program of health-care development in the Republic of Kazakhstan "Salamatty Kazakhstan" for 2011-2015 years has been adopted by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan No.1113 dated November 29, 2010.

The goal of the program is to improve  health of the people of Kazakhstan for ensuring country’s stable socio-demographic development.

Key tasks of the program are:

  • strengthening cross-sectoral and interauthority cooperation in matters of citizens’ health protection and provision of sanitary-epidemiological well-being;
  • development and improvement of the Unified national healthcare system;
  • improvement of medical and pharmaceutical education, development of the medical science and pharmaceutical activity.

As a result of implementation of the State program of health-care development Kazakhstan should achieve the following key indicators:

  • increase in life expectancy of the population to 69.5 years by 2013, to 70 years by 2015;
  • decrease in maternal mortality to 28.1 per 100,000 children born alive by 2013, to 24.5 per 100,000 children born alive by 2015;
  • decrease in infant mortality to 14.1 per 1000 children born alive by 2013, to 12.3 per 1000 children born alive by 2015;
  • decrease in total mortality to 8.14 per 1000 people by 2013, to 7.62 per 1000 people by 2015
  • decrease in tuberculosis sickness rate to 98.1 per 100,000 people by 2013, to 94.7 per 100,000 people by 2015;
  • maintenance of the spread of HIV in 15-49 age group at 0.2-0.6% level.

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The State program for the development and functioning of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan

The State program for the development and functioning of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020 has been adopted by the Decree of the President of Republic of Kazakhstan No.110 dated June 29, 2011.

The goal of the program – a harmonious language policy, which provides full-scale functioning of the state language as the most important factor for strengthening national unity by preservation of languages of all ethnic groups living in Kazakhstan.

Key tasks of the program are:

  • improvement and standardization of the methodology of teaching the state language;
  • development of the infrastructure of teaching the state language;
  • stimulation of the process of teaching the state language;
  • increase of the prestige of using the state language;
  • increase of the demand for the state language;
  • improvement and systematization of the Kazakh language’s lexical fund;
  • enhancement of the language culture;
  • functioning of the Russian language in the communicative-language space;
  • preservation of language variety in Kazakhstan;
  • studying English and other foreign languages.

As a result of implementation of the State program for the development and functioning of languages Kazakhstan should achieve the following key indicators:

  • increase of the share of adult population that speaks the state language according to "Kaztest" results: to 20 % by 2014, to 80 % by 2017, to 95 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of school graduates that speaks the state language at В1 level to 70 % by 2017, to 100 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of  Kazakh language content in state-owned mass media to 53 % by 2014, to 60 % by 2017, to 70 % by 2020;
  • increase of population’s satisfaction with the activity of onomastic commissions regarding observance of principles of transparency and public access to discussion of decision-making process to 60 % by 2014, to 75 % by 2017, to 90 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of arranged terminological fund of the Kazakh language to 20 % by 2014, to 60 % by 2017, to 100 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of republic’s adult population that speaks Russian language to 90 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of ethnic groups embraced by native languages courses at national-cultural associations to 60 % by 2014, to 80 % by 2017, to 90 % by 2020;
  • increase of the share of republic’s population that speaks English to 10 % by 2014, to 15 % by 2017, to 20 % by 2020;
  • Increase of the share of population that speaks three languages (state, Russian and English) to 10 % by 2014, to 12 % by 2017, to 15 % by 2020.

All activities stipulated by this Program are based on the priority of the state language development being a major factor of strengthening of the national unity and are directed at meeting spiritual-cultural and language needs of the citizens of Kazakhstan.

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